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Additional info for Airports As Multimodal Interchange Nodes (Ecmt Round Table)
Equally, passengers and freight have to be vacated from airports. A distinction, albeit in many ways an arbitrary one, can usefully be made between whether access or egress from the airport involves local transportation or another interurban mode. The former has been very much the traditional case and considerable resources have been expended to allow residents and visitors to an airport to have easy interconnections with the immediate vicinity. The issue of linking air services directly through airports to other medium and long-distance modes is a more recent phenomenon.
Case studies in airport competition (i) London: The largest international route in Europe, Dublin-London was a virtual Heathrow monopoly before deregulation in 1986. 4 million passengers use Stansted, Luton, Gatwick and London City. (ii) Glasgow Prestwick: Built for the transatlantic market, Glasgow Prestwick had 650 000 passengers in July 1976 and only 10 000 in 1993. Ryanair opened a Dublin service in 1994, in competition with the Aer Lingus monopoly on the route using Abbotsinch, and took 60 per cent of the market.
The total market grew by more than the Ryanair-Prestwick passenger numbers. Prestwick-Stansted, connecting lesser Round Table 126: Airports as Multimodal Interchange Nodes – ISBN 92-821-0339-0 - © ECMT, 2005 51 airports at both ends of the London-Glasgow routes, has ten flights a day. In addition, there are services from Prestwick to Paris Beauvais, Brussels South, Frankfurt Hahn and Oslo Torp. (iii) Northwest England: Barrett (2000) documents competition between Manchester, Liverpool and Leeds-Bradford in the 1990s.
Airports As Multimodal Interchange Nodes (Ecmt Round Table) by Ecmt