By Shoib Ahmad Baba, Nasheeman Ashraf
This booklet is a made of years of analysis on saffron biology. It intends to provide a large yet concise evaluate of some of the elements of apocarotenoid biosynthesis in Crocus sativus, its legislation and pharmacology .
Crocus sativusL. of relatives Iridaceae is a vital medicinal plant. The dried stigma of C. sativus flower is taken into account because the world's most costly spice. Saffron is the assets of specific carotenoid derived molecules known as apocarotenoids which come with crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin and safranal. those molecules are synthesized within the tissue and developmental degree particular demeanour. along with supplying color, aroma and flavour to the spice, those molecules have large medicinal significance.
The ebook uncovers significant techniques of apocarotenoids biosynthesis and gives deeper and extra whole knowing approximately their biotechnological and pharmacological applications.
The e-book is split into 3 sections –
The first part presents a basic advent of C. sativus, its apocarotenoids, their biosynthesis, rules and delivery. moment part presents information regarding the carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (CCDs) that are the foremost gamers in apocarotenoid biosynthesis. The type of plant CCDs, their constitution, response mechanism, biotechnological software are completely mentioned. the ultimate part offers with the key pharmacological houses of C. sativus apocarotenoids, starting from their position as anticancer to their application as neuroprotective molecules.
This is a one among its variety booklet on Crocus sativus. It might be necessary for the researchers operating on Crocus sativus, students and likewise practitioners concerned with extraction and bio-synthesis of the important scientific components.
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Additional resources for Apocarotenoids of Crocus sativus L: From biosynthesis to pharmacology
Some plants do not produce pollinator attractants at all, while some of the plants produce them in their natural habitats only. Therefore, overexpression of CCDs in such plants may be utilized to produce substantial amounts of attractants for pollinators. 6 Conclusion Carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases are involved in the production of a variety of bioactive molecules which play vital roles in plants. The overall structure of CCDs is conserved across plant kingdom. However, further studies are required to elucidate the complete mechanism of reaction.
In some cases, this approach may have the limitations as the production of a volatile in a transgenic plant may attract the enemies of the plant or even the enemies of the pollinators (Horiuchi et al. 2003). So, the introduction of CCD in any transgenic plant requires prior knowledge about the behavior of the natural predators of the plant. However, this approach may prove highly beneficial 34 2 Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenases of Crocus sativus L. in some plants such as Arnebia benthamii, an important medicinal plant of Kashmir Himalayas.
Saffron is known to facilitate digestion and its essential oil is considered useful in insomnia. In South Asia saffron is widely used for liver, kidney, and vesica disease and for treatment of cholera. For the treatment of dermal diseases such as impetigo, saffron tincture is considered useful. 1. Traditional knowledge of medicinal properties of saffron has attracted scientists across the globe, and during the last few decades, several molecules with tremendous pharmacological importance have been isolated.
Apocarotenoids of Crocus sativus L: From biosynthesis to pharmacology by Shoib Ahmad Baba, Nasheeman Ashraf