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36 Its industry bias is reflected in the composition of its advisory board, which includes corporate directors from Philips and 18 EUROPE INC. Mars, influential industrialists such as Peter Sutherland (former European commissioner and GATT director and current chairman of British Petroleum and Goldman Sachs International Associate); the former and current European Roundtable of Industrialists (ERT) Secretary-Generals Keith Richardson37 and Wim Philippa; UNICE Secretary-General Dirk Hudig, a European Central Bank executive board member; six European parliamentarians, five former directors-general and a vice-president of the European Commission, and journalists from newspapers such as Le Monde and the Financial Times.

And then, as if to justify the more pedantic, decentralised working style of UNICE versus that of the more elitist ERT: ‘We have no room for emotions here. ’ Although the virtues of the ERT’s agenda-setting UNICE: INDUSTRY’S WELL-OILED LOBBY MACHINE 39 style are certainly not lost upon UNICE bureaucrats, the group holds claim to its own strengths as well. ’ 12 Despite their differences, there is much overlap between the agendas of the two lobby groups, and the president of UNICE and the ERT Secretary-General meet regularly.

32 CEPS organises elite gatherings of CEOs, top EU decision makers and conservative academics, and produces hard-hitting reports on various timely EU topics. 33 Connections are key, as Director Peter Ludlow explains: ‘CEPS is seen as an insiders’ institute and this is crucial. ’34 A relative newcomer to Brussels is the European Policy Centre, established in January 1997 by the trio of Stanley Crossick, godfather of Brussels lobbying;35 Max Kohnstamm, former vice-president of the Jean Monnet Action Committee; and John Palmer, former European editor of the Guardian.

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Arakcheev, Grand Vizier of the Russian Empire by Michael Jenkins

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