By R. M. Miller, J. D. Jastrow (auth.), Yoram Kapulnik, David D. Douds Jr. (eds.)
Recent years have introduced an upsurge of curiosity within the research of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, partially because of the attention that the potent usage of those symbiotic soil fungi is perhaps crucial in sustainable agriculture. notable development has been made over the past decade within the learn of this symbiosis mostly because of expanding exploitation of molecular instruments. even supposing early emphasis was once put on using molecular instruments to review physiological strategies caused by way of the symbiosis, akin to expression of symbiosis-specific polypeptides and modulation of host defences, different purposes wait for. It used to be noticeable to us that amassing leaders within the box to summarize those issues and indicate study wishes was once priceless if we have been to appreciate the body structure and serve as of AM fungi at a molecular point. additionally, now we have taken the chance to provide those reports in a logical series of issues starting from the initiation of the lifestyles cycle of the fungus to its features in plant development and within the less than floor atmosphere. It used to be a problem to restrict this flood of knowledge to the confines of 1 textual content. it is a very fascinating time for mycorrhiza biologists and it's our wish that a few of this pleasure is conveyed to our readers.
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Fresh years have introduced an upsurge of curiosity within the examine of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, in part end result of the recognition that the powerful usage of those symbiotic soil fungi might be crucial in sustainable agriculture. extraordinary growth has been made over the last decade within the research of this symbiosis principally due to expanding exploitation of molecular instruments.
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Additional info for Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function
5 :~ ~ 10 "#M NM M NM Maternal treatment Figure 4. Fig. 4. Characteristics of offspring of mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal A. theophrasti plants growing in dense, mixed populations. See Heppell eta!. (48) for details. A. Survival after 47 d. B. Shoot N concentration at 47 d. C. Shoot P concentration at 47 d. D. The percentage ofsurviving offspring that became reproductive. 05) different. Our results suggest that infection by mycorrhizal fungi can influence plant fitness in at least two ways. First, infection by mycorrhizal fungi can increase fecundity by influencing a variety of reproductive components.
Maffia and Janos (72), for example, have shown that size inequality among members of a population of Helianthus annuus was reduced by infection by mycorrhizal fungi. Unfortunately none of the above-mentioned studies examined the consequences to reproduction. We, therefore, set out to determine the effect of infection by mycorrhizal fungi on reproductive inequality in A. theophrasti (104). Dense plantings of mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal Abutilon were made in the field and, over the course of time, we followed the density and reproductive inequality in the populations.
112: 534-542. , Koide, R. L. and Addy, H. D. 1998. Winter wheat cover cropping, VA mycorrhizal fimgi and maize growth and yield. Agric. Ecosys. Environ. 67:55-65. R. T. 1990. Regulation of reproduction in wild and cultivated Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. by vesicular-arbuscularmycorrhizal infection. Oecologia. 84: 74-81. D. R. 1985. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (Glomus fasciculatum) influence on soybean drought tolerance in high phosphorus soil. Can. J. Bot. 63: 2290-2294. G. 1980. Growth of a clover-ryegrass association with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas.
Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function by R. M. Miller, J. D. Jastrow (auth.), Yoram Kapulnik, David D. Douds Jr. (eds.)